Jammers from Russian forces besieging the country are targeting global positioning system (GPS) satellites that are used for navigation, mapping, and other purposes, the report said, quoting the U.S. Space Force.
“Ukraine may not be able to use GPS because there are jammers around that prevent them from receiving any usable signal,” Gen. David Thompson, the Space Force’s vice chief of space operations, told NBC Nightly News Monday. “Certainly the Russians understand the value and importance of GPS and try to prevent others from using it,” Thompson added. He noted that Russia has not directly attacked any satellites in orbit, but the Space Force is keeping an eye out for such possibilities.
Specifically, Russia is targeting the Navstar system of satellites used by the United States and made available openly to many countries around the world, Thompson said. (Russia has its own independent system, called GLONASS, while the Europeans have one called Galileo and China has one called Beidou.)
Navstar uses 24 main satellites that each orbit the Earth every 12 hours. The system works by sending synchronized signals to users on Earth. Because the satellites move in different directions, the user receives their signals at slightly different times. When four satellites are available, GPS receivers can use their signals to calculate the user’s position, often within just a few feet.
Ukraine is also suffering from a lack of Internet connectivity as a result of the Russian attacks, which began on February 24 and are ongoing. SpaceX, at Ukraine’s request, has shipped thousands of Starlink terminals to the country to provide an independent set of infrastructure.
In early March, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk noted that Starlink signals have also been jammed, although his company is adapting. “Some Starlink terminals near conflict areas were being jammed for several hours at a time,” Musk wrote via Twitter on March 1. “Our latest software update bypasses the jamming.”